Orthotics are custom-made inserts designed to support the arches of the feet, and to correct any imbalances in the foot or ankle. Orthotics help to improve the biomechanics of the ankles, knees, hips and low back. By re-aligning the foot with an orthotic, tension is reduced in the body, and shock absorption is more efficient. This can help reduce pain and discomfort in the feet, lower limbs and the back. Orthotics can also be used to alleviate pain from bunions, hammer toes and neuromas.
Heel Pain is the most common foot complaint in the world. There are many factors which can cause heel pain, and the most common of these is plantar fasciitis. Several factors, such as age, body weight, trauma, foot-type and footwear can all be contributing factors. This pain is exacerbated by standing for long periods, and is felt most when standing up from long periods of rest. Treatment options include stretching, taping, orthotics, steroid injections and surgery.
Footwear characteristics influence injury rates. Footwear can also influence energy cost, fatigue and has been associated with overuse injuries and discomfort in the feet, when standing. An extremely flat shoe or an overly flexible one, can be the culprit for many problems associated with your feet, ankles, knees, hips, back, neck and it can even lead to headaches. After a complete biomechanical exam and gait analysis, a Chiropodist can determine which footwear would be best suited for you, taking your lifestyle and fashion choices into consideration.
Clawtoes can be very painful and can lead to the abrasion of your skin. This can cause serious complications such as ulceration and infection of the digits. There can be many reasons for why clawtoe deformities develop, including ill-fitting footwear, over-pronation, high arches, and various arthritic or neurological disorders. Treatment options include stretching, orthotic therapy and surgery.
Ingrown toenails most commonly occur in the big toe-joints and can be very painful, espeicailly when it is associated with an infection. Common causes of this can be bad footwear or unexpected trauma, but other common causes can be something simple as over pronation and improper toe-off. Treatment options include therapeutic nail care, orthotic therapy and surgery.
A Morton’s neuroma is characterised as a numb or sharp/shooting pain up the foot and/or down into the toes. This pain is common in the 3rd and 4th digits and can be caused by ill-fitting footwear, but is also associated with pronating feet and improper toe-off while walking. Treatment options include footwear and orthotic therapy, injection therapy, sclerosing,and surgery.
Toenail fungus is the cause of 50% of all nail disturbances and occurs four times as often as those of the fingernails. It is characterised by thickened, yellow and crumbly nails and occurs commonly in areas of heat and moisture. People wearing shoes all day, or athletes who are constantly sweating are commonly affected, as well as the elderly population and postmenopausal women.
A bunion is an enlargement of the bone around the big toe joint and is commonly associated with irritated skin. Blisters can commonly form as well as callous and the joint itself can be painful when walking. There is usually a genetic component to this deformity and which worsens with ill-fitting footwear. Wearing adequate footwear and orthotic therapy can stop the progression of this bone growth